Ode to Ota Benga
by Lester Allyson Knibbs, Ph.D.
(formerly Hakeem Muhammad)

Alphabetical by Author (A-D)

By Category

"Ode to Ota Benga"
Allwood, John. The Great Exhibitions (London: Studio Vista, 1977)

Arnold, B.W.  “Concerning the Negroes of the City of Lynchburg, Virginia” (
Southern History Association Publications, x, 1906, pp. 19-30)
Barnum, P.T.  Barnum’s Own Story: The Autobiography of P.T. Barnum (Gloucester: Peter Smith, 1972)

Bennett, Mark. 
Louisiana Purchase Exhibition (St. Louis: Universal Exposition Publishing Company, 1905)

Bogdan, Robert. 
Freak Show – Presenting Human Oddities for Amusement and Profit (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988)

Brady, Cyrus Townsend. 
Commerce and Conquest in East Africa (Salem: The Riverside Press, 1950)

Bridges, William. 
Gathering of Animals: An Unconventional History of the New York Zoological Society (New York: Harper and Row, 1974)  “the standard account”

Buel, J.W., ed. 
Louisiana and the Fair: An Exposition of the World, Its People and Their Achievements (St. Louis: Worlds’ Progress Publishing Company, 1904)

Buerkle, Jack and Barker, Danny. 
Bourbon Street Black: The New Orleans Black Jazzman (New York: Oxford University Press, 1973)

Burns, Ric.  “Greetings From Coney Island” (
The New York Times, 5/17/91, p. C1)

Burrows, Guy. 
The Land of the Pigmies (New York: Thomas &. Crowell & Company, [1898])
Cable, George Washington.  “The Dance in Place Congo” (in The Social Implications of Early Negro Music in The United States, Bernard Katz, ed., New York: Arno Press and The New York Times, 1969, pp. 31-47)

Cable, George.  “The Story of Bras-Coupé” possibly in
Creoles and Cajuns: Stories of Old Louisiana, by George Washing Cable, edited by Arlin Turner (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1959)

Casement, Roger, Sir. 
Roger Casement’s Diaries: 1910: The Black and the White, edited by Roger Sawyer (London: Pimlico, c1997)

Cavalli-Sforza, Luigi. 
African Pygmies (Orlando: Academic Press, 1986)

Clegg, Legrand H., II.  "The Mystery of the Arctic Twa: A Letter to the Editor" in
African Presence in Early Europe, Ivan Van Sertima (New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 1985)

Conrad Joseph.  “Geography and Some Explorers”  (
Last Essays, by Joseph Conrad, with an introduction by Richard Curle) (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page & Company, 1926)

Conrad, Joseph. 
Heart of Darkness (Boston: Bedford Books of St. Martin’s Press, c1996)

Conrad, Joseph.  “Outpost of Progress” from
Two tales of the Congo (London: The Folio Society [c1952])

Cook, Adrian. 
The Armies of the Streets: The New York City Draft Riots of 1863 (Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 1974)

Crawford, Jack. 
Pioneer African Missionary: Samuel Phillips Verner (Journal of Presbyterian History 60, Spring 1982, pp. 42-57)

Crawford, Jack. 
Samuel Phillips Verner: Presbyterian Missionary in the Congo, 1895-1899: Racial Attitudes of the Lone White in an All-Black Mission (unpublished)
Darwin, Charles.  The Descent of Man

Darwin, Charles. 
The Origin of Species

Davidson, Basil. 
The African Slave Trade: Precolonial History 1450-1850 (Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1961), originally published as Black Mother

Debo, Angie. 
Geronimo (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1976)

Defoe, Daniel. 
Robinson Crusoe

Doyle, Arthur Conan. 
The Crime of the Congo (New York: Doubleday, Page & Company, 1909)

Drinnon, Richard. 
Facing West: The Metaphysics of Indian-Hating and Empire Building (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1980)

Du Bois, W.E.B. 
The World and Africa (New York: International Publishers, 1965)

Duffy, Kevin. 
Children of the Forest (New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1984)
Bibliography continued (F-J) Congo Project Home Page